BTW，I'M THE BIG FAN OF YES!
【乐评】Yes《Close To The Edge》
This is my second review of a Yes album. The first was "Tales From Topographic Oceans". I bought my vinyl copy in the year of 1976, and so, this LP became as one of the first albums to make part of my vinyl collection. In spite of being a modest collection, it has some great progressive gems of the 70's.
这是我对Yes专辑的第二次评论。第一次是《Tales From Topographic Oceans》。我在1976年买了此专的黑胶，所以这张黑胶成了我黑胶收藏的最先的几张之一。尽管我的收藏海纳百川，但也有一些70年代的伟大的前摇宝石在内。
Yes, is an English symphonic progressive rock band formed in London in 1968 by Jon Anderson (vocals), Chris Squire (bass), Peter Banks (guitar), Tony Kaye (keyboards) and Bill Bruford (drums). Yes, was one of the most important bands to emerge in the 70's, together with Genesis and Pink Floyd. These three bands are, for me, the bands that most contributed to the rise of the movement of the progressive rock music. They are probably the three bands that more progressive groups have influenced, until today. Although, many line up changes, occasional splits within the band and the ever changing trends in their music, the group have continued always on, for more than forty years until today, still keeping a large following number of fans, and still being a symbol in the progressive rock movement.
Yes是一个英国交响前摇乐队，1968年由Jon Anderson（主唱）在伦敦组建，成员还有Chris Squire (贝斯), Peter Banks (吉他), Tony Kaye (键盘)和Bill Bruford (鼓)。Yes是70年代浮现的最重要的乐队，再加上Genesis和Pink Floyd。对我来说，这三支乐队是对前摇运动的崛起贡献最多的。他们时至今日也影响了更多的前摇组合。尽管，队伍屡次变化、偶尔内部分裂、甚至他们的音乐趋势也在不断变化，但他们继续上路，直到今日坚持了四十多年。他们依然拥有大量的粉丝，始终是前摇运动的符号和象征。
"Close To The Edge" is their fifth studio album and was released in 1972. It's in generally regarded as their best musical work and one of the best progressive albums ever made. It reached number 4 in the UK and number 3 in USA, during a chart stay of thirty two weeks. In Netherlands it reached number 1 on the Dutch Album charts. The album is listed in the book "1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die". On Progarchives, it always rivals to be the number 1 with "Selling England By The Pound" of Genesis, "Thick As A Brick" of Jethro Tull and "Wish You Were Here" of Pink Floyd. All these albums were already been reviewed by me on Progarchives. So, what more can we ask for an album?
《Close To The Edge》是他们第五张录音室专辑，1972年发行。普遍被视为他们最好的音乐作品和制作过的最好的前卫摇滚专辑。它在英国排行榜上达到第四位，在美国排行榜上达到第三位，并且停留了三十二周。在荷兰则达到了排行榜第一位。专辑也位列《1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die》这本书的推荐之内。而在PA网站上，它也经常是Genesis的《Selling England By The Pound》、Jethro Tull的《Thick As A Brick》和Pink Floyd《Wish You Were Here》的竞争对手。我已经在网站上点评了这些专辑。所以，我还能对这样一张专辑要求什么呢？
The line up on "Close To The Edge" is Jon Anderson (vocals), Steve Howe (vocals and guitars), Rick Wakeman (keyboards), Chris Squire (vocals and bass) and Bill Bruford (drums and percussion). I confess that this is my favourite line up of the group. I'm a great fan of Wakeman and Bruford. Rick has a truly unmistakable sound on his keyboards and Bill, simply is, in my humble opinion, one of the best drummers ever.
《Close To The Edge》的制作成员是：Jon Anderson (主唱), Steve Howe (人声，吉他), Rick Wakeman (键盘), Chris Squire (人声，贝斯) and Bill Bruford (鼓，打击乐)。我承认这是我最爱的这个乐队的成员组合。我是Wakeman和Bruford的大粉丝。Rick的键盘毫无问题，而Bill在我看来，简单的说是至今以来最好的鼓手。
The art cover of the album was made by Roger Dean. He is the most famous artists of album covers in the world. He also made covers for many other artists. Some of the photography work on the album was influenced by Squire.
"Close To The Edge" has three tracks. The first track "Close To The Edge" written by Anderson and Howe, is the title track and is divided into four parts: "The Solid Time Of Change", "Total Mass Retain", "I Get Up, I Get Down" and "Seasons Of Man". It's the lengthiest track on the album and is, for me, the best ever song of the band with "Gates Of Delirium", which was released on their seventh studio album "Relayer". It's a truly massive 18 minutes epic track of unbelievable musical proportions. It starts rather quietly with nature, which eventually carries into the bombastic of the rest of the song, and bringing to the song in the end, the nature heard at the beginning of it. The second track "And You And I" written by Anderson, Howe, Squire and Bruford" is also divided into four parts: "Cord Of Life", "Eclipse", "The Preacher, The Teacher" and "The Apocalypse". It's a more melodious track with less musical variations, and is probably, the most commercial song on the album. It's shorter but still has 10 minutes. This is a quite different piece of music and serves an excellent position as a middle piece, relying less in virtuosity and more on musical atmosphere. The third track "Siberian Khatru" written by Anderson, Howe and Wakeman is the most powerful and dynamic song on the album and became as a great song to opening any live show of the group. It was featured as the concert opener on the 1991 Union tour. It opens with a strong guitar riff by Howe, and then, it enters what is probably the most rocky part of the album with a strong and dominant drumming by Bruford and a great bass work by Squire. Wakeman's keyboards are more on the background, adding to the sound and rather dominating it. It's a great closing to the album.
《Close To The Edge》有三首歌。第一首"Close To The Edge"由Anderson和Howe创作，是同名主题曲，分为四个部分："The Solid Time Of Change", "Total Mass Retain", "I Get Up, I Get Down" 和 "Seasons Of Man"。是专辑最长的歌，对我来说，和"Gates Of Delirium"（第七张专辑《Relayer》中的歌）一起也是乐队最好的歌。它是18分钟的丰富的音乐史诗，有着难以置信的音乐的组成。它以寂静的自然声开端，最终进入歌曲其“夸夸其谈”的部分，并且在歌曲的结尾处也是自然声收束。第二首歌"And You And I"由Anderson, Howe, Squire和Bruford创作，也分为四部分："Cord Of Life", "Eclipse", "The Preacher, The Teacher" 和 "The Apocalypse"。这首歌更为优美，有更少的音乐的变化，并且也许是专辑中最商业化的歌。它虽然较短但依然有十分钟。这是专辑中比较不同的音乐，是作为一个伟大的中间的歌曲存在，不是依托精湛的技艺而是依托更多的营造出的音乐氛围。第三首歌"Siberian Khatru"由Anderson, Howe和Wakeman创作，是专辑中最具力量感和动态的歌曲，成为乐队任何一场现场的伟大开场曲。它在1991年《Union》巡演时作为富有特色的开场。它由Howe强烈的吉他重复段开始，然后由Bruford强劲的主导的鼓声进入也许是专辑中最摇滚的部分，以及伴随着Squire伟大的贝斯。Wakeman的键盘更多的从背景中加入声音中从而形成更主要的控制。这是专辑伟大的收尾。
Conclusion: "Close To The Edge" is, in my humble opinion, not only the best studio album of the band but also represents a giant step from their previous studio releases. "Close To The Edge" starts their golden musical age, followed by "Tales From Topographic Oceans", "Relayer" and ending with "Going For The One". However, this is not only Yes hitting their musical peak, but it's also one of the best examples of how a truly inspired progressive musical work can be. Like all the genuine classics, it's an album that gets a little better each time we listen to it. That makes us realize why it deserves its reputation as one of the cornerstones of the progressive rock music. With this album, Yes has created a masterpiece that was very appreciated in its time, and still stands today. It can probably be the band's finest musical moment and is surely one of the finest progressive musical moments ever created.
结论：《Close To The Edge》在我看来不仅是乐队最佳的录音室专辑也代表了他们早期录音室作品中向前的巨大一步。《Close To The Edge》开启了他们的音乐黄金年代，紧跟其后的是《Tales From Topographic Oceans》, 《Relayer》 和作为黄金年代结束的《Going For The One》。不过，这不仅代表Yes进入了他们的音乐巅峰，也是一个真正的受前卫音乐启发的作品所能达到的高度的最好的实例。就像所有真正的经典一样，我每一次聆听它就会发现它更多的优点。这让我们认识到为什么它有着前卫摇滚基石的名誉。随着这张专辑，Yes在那个时代创造了一张广受赞誉的杰作，并且受赞至今。这或许是乐队最出色的音乐瞬间，并且肯定也是前卫摇滚所创作过的最出色的音乐时刻。
【乐评】Yes《Tales From Topographic Oceans》
This is my first review of a Yes album. I bought my vinyl copy in 1976 and it became my first album from them. The main reason to be it my first choice to review a Yes' work on this site, besides being my first album from the band, is especially due to other two factors. In the first place, I always loved and considered it one of the best albums ever made. In the second place, it's one of the most controversial progressive albums, probably the biggest of all, and it's also one of the albums that most divided critics, fans and even the band members.
'Tales From Topographic Oceans' is the sixth studio album by Yes and was released in 1973. It topped the British charts and reached number 6 on the American charts. Originally, it was a double vinyl LP, consisting of a theme divided into four parts with about 20 minutes length each one, with some religious concepts, and which has broken all the previous artistic boundaries. It was a project of Jon Anderson and Steve Howe, completed by musical ideas and arrangements by Chris Squire, Alan White and Rick Wakeman. As I wrote above, when the album was released the reactions were divided between fans and critics, and it even provoked divisions within the band members. For instance, Wakeman who publicly derided the album, was forced to leave Yes at the end of the recording sessions. He was been replaced by Patrick Moraz on their next seventh studio album 'Relayer', released in 1974. He only returned to Yes, in 1977, when they released their eighth studio album 'Going For The One'.
《Tales From Topographic Oceans》是Yes的第六张专辑，1973年发行。它达到了英国排行榜的首位，也得到了美国排行榜的第六位。本来它是一个双碟黑胶，一个主题被分为四部分，每一部分都超过20分钟，有一些宗教的概念，它打破了以前所有的艺术范畴。这是Jon Anderson 和Steve Howe的项目，由Chris Squire, Alan White和Rick Wakeman在音乐上的点子和安排来完成。正如我上面所写的，当专辑发行后，粉丝和评论家之间的反应是分裂的，它甚至激起了内部成员之间的分歧。例如，Wakeman公开嘲笑它，并在录制的尾声逼迫离开Yes。他被Patrick Moraz所取代，后者1974年制作了他们接下来的第七张录音室专辑《Relayer》。他只在1977年回到Yes，接着发行了他们的第八张录音室专辑《Going For The One》。
'Tales From Topographic Oceans' is a concept album based upon Anderson's interpretation of four classes of an Hindu Scripture, collectively named Shastras, based from Paramahansa Yogananda's book, the 'Autobiography Of A Yogi'. In 1973, Anderson was introduced to Yogananda's book, at Bruford's wedding reception by Jamie Muir, then the King Crimson's percussionist. So, from there, Anderson managed to create the Yes' strongest and most spiritual lyrics, and as we can imagine, the concept itself is enough to bring goose bumps to many people.
《Tales From Topographic Oceans》是一张概念专辑，根据Anderson的解释，它是基于Paramahansa Yogananda的著作《Autobiography Of A Yogi》，关于四种印度教经文，共同的名字是Shastras。1973年，Anderson参加Bruford的婚礼，由King Crimson后来的鼓手Jamie Muir接待，并且后者给他引介了Yogananda的书。所以，从此之后，Anderson立志于创作Yes最强的和最具精神性的歌词。正如我们所能想象的，概念本身足够给许多人带来震撼。
'Tales From Topographic Oceans' has four tracks. The first track 'The Revealing Science Of God (Dance Of The Dawn)' is a brilliant piece of music. Lyrically, it examines the depth of the past and displays the ongoing search of God. Musically, it's beautifully built in the beginning, with ethereal passages in the middle and with a climax ending, which bring to the track an incredible finish. This is, in my humble opinion, one of the best pieces of music ever written. The second track 'The Remembering (High The Memory)' is a very complex piece of music. Lyrically, it affirms that the past informs our current thoughts. Musically, it's one of the Yes most ambient pieces of music. It relies heavily textures and ambient atmospheres to communicate the musical ideas. Their melodies are some of the most subtly powerful musical moments that I have ever experienced. The third track 'The Ancient (Giants Under The Sun)' continues in the correct musical direction of the all album. Lyrically, it explores history previous to human memory and reflects on past civilizations. Musically, it continues the ethereal and oceanic dreaminess of the previous track. It adds a raw and powerful edginess that really pulls the album together. It doesn't disappoint me, even in a slightest moment. The fourth track 'Ritual (Nous Sommes Du Soleil)' represents an excellent end to the album. Lyrically, it portrays the positive results of the battle with the evil. Musically, it's a very complex composition, where the pieces are the music built around regular beats that ease us to emulate the melody. This is the best known part of the album and it brings to it a real fitting climax, both sentimental as mysterious.
《Tales From Topographic Oceans》有四首歌。第一首歌'The Revealing Science Of God (Dance Of The Dawn)'的音乐是才华横溢的。歌词上，它深度审视了人类的过去并且展现了对于上帝的孜孜不倦的探索。音乐上，有一个美丽的开头，飘渺般的段落组成的中间和高潮般的尾声，它们带给了歌曲一种难以置信的完成度。这在我看来，是曾创作过的最棒的音乐了。第二首歌'The Remembering (High The Memory)'是非常复杂的音乐作品。歌词上，它断言我们的过去会告诉我们现在的思想。音乐上，这是Yes最具有环境氛围的一首歌。它依赖沉重的质感和环境氛围去传达音乐理念。它们的旋律是我经历过的最精妙而充满力量的音乐片刻之一。第三首歌'The Ancient (Giants Under The Sun)'在继续深入贯穿全专辑的音乐理念。歌词上，它探索了人类记忆中的先前的历史以及反映了过去的文明。音乐上，它和之前两首一样非常飘渺，有着海洋般的梦幻无垠感。它增加了未曾雕琢的、充满力量的前卫感，紧紧将专辑结合在一起。它没有令我失望，即使是在任何一个片刻。第四首歌'Ritual (Nous Sommes Du Soleil)'代表了专辑一个卓越的结尾。歌词上，它描绘了与罪恶战斗的积极的结果。音乐上，这是很复杂的组曲，不过音乐建立在有规律的音乐节拍上，这使我们可以跟上旋律。这是专辑最著名的部分，并带给它一个真正合适的高潮，充满了伤感与神秘感。
The art work of the album (design and illustration) was made by Roger Dean. He designed many of the group's albums, forming a continuing story in pictures. Dean has also created the Yes' logo. The cover of the album has often been included in lists of the best album covers of all time. Dean is one of the most famous artists on albums covers.
Conclusion: 'Tales From Topographic Oceans' is a very innovator and courageous album that deserves to be more considered and better rated on Progarchives. In my humble opinion, this isn't an album too pretentious, ambitious, megalomaniac and lengthy, as some say. It's as good as it gets for Yes, besides 'Close To The Edge' and 'Relayer'. It's practically impossible to follow up a masterpiece like 'Close To The Edge', without disappointing a great amount of fans. However, I am convinced that it suffers for being a concept album released in the 70's. If it had been able to be recorded on one only CD, I sincerely think that it would be even a better album, and probably better appreciated. I sincerely think that 'Tales From Topographic Oceans' belongs to the rare albums that achieved the status of being one of the best masterpieces of all time. Unfortunately, it soon became a Yes too underappreciated piece of music.
结论：《Tales From Topographic Oceans》是非常创新的、有胆识的专辑，它在PA上值得获得更多的尊重和更好的评价。在我看来，它不像很多人说的那样是一张过于自命不凡、野心勃勃、狂妄自大以及冗长的专辑。它是Yes除了《Close To The Edge》和《Relayer》之外所能做到的最尽善尽美的专辑。几乎无法想象在像《Close To The Edge》这样的杰作后诞生的专辑不会令大量的粉丝感到失望。不过，我确信它因为在70年代发行时是作为一张概念专辑而饱受诟病。如果它能够只录制成一碟，我真诚的认为它会是一张更好的专辑，也许会得到更多的赞赏。我真诚的认为《Tales From Topographic Oceans》是少数能达到有史以来最好的杰作之一的地位的专辑。不幸的是，它不久成为了Yes的一张被低估了的音乐作品。