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Python3选择支持非ASCII码标识符的缘由

原文在: PEP 3131 -- Supporting Non-ASCII Identifiers.

Python2并不支持非ASCII码标识符. PEP的全称是Python Enhancement Proposal, 即Python增强提案. 这个3131提案创建于2007年5月. Python3于2008年12月发布.

Rationale(依据)一节开篇明义, 指出用母语命名标识符对代码清晰度和可维护性的提高.

Python code is written by many people in the world who are not
familiar with the English language, or even well-acquainted with the
Latin writing system. Such developers often desire to define classes
and functions with names in their native languages, rather than having
to come up with an (often incorrect) English translation of the
concept they want to name. By using identifiers in their native
language, code clarity and maintainability of the code among
speakers of that language improves.

下面列出了一些质疑和回应. 其中:

People claim that they will not be able to use a library if to do so they have
to use characters they cannot type on their keyboards. However, it is the
choice of the designer of the library to decide on various constraints for using
the library: people may not be able to use the library because they cannot get
physical access to the source code (because it is not published), or because
licensing prohibits usage, or because the documentation is in a language they
cannot understand. A developer wishing to make a library widely available needs
to make a number of explicit choices (such as publication, licensing, language
of documentation, and language of identifiers). It should always be the choice
of the author to make these decisions - not the choice of the language
designers.

简要翻译:

有声音表示库如果是其他语言命名, 不懂这一语言的使用者就不会输入API名了. 回应是库开发者有权根据需要进行设计, 这与其他制约因素(版权,文档是外文等等)类似. 开发者如果想要库被最广泛地使用, 自然会考虑到所有这些因素. 而这, 应该是开发者的决定, 而不是语言设计者的.

编辑于 2017-12-26

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    在所有编程语言和领域中尝试编写中文代码,开发相关工具,总结经验,一致代码风格。包括中文命名,汉化现有语言,创造中文语法的编程语言等等。作为最熟悉的母语,用来编写代码会让代码更容易被自己和母语相同的其他开发者理解。基于英文的编程语言和框架中,使用中文命名有时有技术问题。希望这里为后人趟雷,填坑。多数现有API是英文的,这里也会对其中一些常用的进行汉化。当然,这里也会对基于中文的编程语言进行探讨。包括汉化基于英文的编程语言,以及创造新的编程语言。