mac python3 安装mysqlclient 错误

在安装mysqlclient出现了这个错误

(py3) ➜  git:(bugfix/activity_owner) pip  install mysqlclient
Collecting mysqlclient
  Using cached https://files.pythonhosted.org/packages/ec/fd/83329b9d3e14f7344d1cb31f128e6dbba70c5975c9e57896815dbb1988ad/mysqlclient-1.3.13.tar.gz
Building wheels for collected packages: mysqlclient
  Running setup.py bdist_wheel for mysqlclient ... error
  Complete output from command /Users/lixiang/projects/py3/bin/python3 -u -c "import setuptools, tokenize;__file__='/private/var/folders/62/hgjxw8x902346sf1zkbv0tyc0000gn/T/pip-install-cg1t5xfv/mysqlclient/setup.py';f=getattr(tokenize, 'open', open)(__file__);code=f.read().replace('\r\n', '\n');f.close();exec(compile(code, __file__, 'exec'))" bdist_wheel -d /private/var/folders/62/hgjxw8x902346sf1zkbv0tyc0000gn/T/pip-wheel-4k0re98e --python-tag cp36:
  running bdist_wheel
  running build
  running build_py
  creating build
  creating build/lib.macosx-10.9-x86_64-3.6
  copying _mysql_exceptions.py -> build/lib.macosx-10.9-x86_64-3.6
  creating build/lib.macosx-10.9-x86_64-3.6/MySQLdb
  copying MySQLdb/__init__.py -> build/lib.macosx-10.9-x86_64-3.6/MySQLdb
  copying MySQLdb/compat.py -> build/lib.macosx-10.9-x86_64-3.6/MySQLdb
  copying MySQLdb/connections.py -> build/lib.macosx-10.9-x86_64-3.6/MySQLdb
  copying MySQLdb/converters.py -> build/lib.macosx-10.9-x86_64-3.6/MySQLdb
  copying MySQLdb/cursors.py -> build/lib.macosx-10.9-x86_64-3.6/MySQLdb
  copying MySQLdb/release.py -> build/lib.macosx-10.9-x86_64-3.6/MySQLdb
  copying MySQLdb/times.py -> build/lib.macosx-10.9-x86_64-3.6/MySQLdb
  creating build/lib.macosx-10.9-x86_64-3.6/MySQLdb/constants
  copying MySQLdb/constants/__init__.py -> build/lib.macosx-10.9-x86_64-3.6/MySQLdb/constants
  copying MySQLdb/constants/CLIENT.py -> build/lib.macosx-10.9-x86_64-3.6/MySQLdb/constants
  copying MySQLdb/constants/CR.py -> build/lib.macosx-10.9-x86_64-3.6/MySQLdb/constants
  copying MySQLdb/constants/ER.py -> build/lib.macosx-10.9-x86_64-3.6/MySQLdb/constants
  copying MySQLdb/constants/FIELD_TYPE.py -> build/lib.macosx-10.9-x86_64-3.6/MySQLdb/constants
  copying MySQLdb/constants/FLAG.py -> build/lib.macosx-10.9-x86_64-3.6/MySQLdb/constants
  copying MySQLdb/constants/REFRESH.py -> build/lib.macosx-10.9-x86_64-3.6/MySQLdb/constants
  running build_ext
  building '_mysql' extension
  creating build/temp.macosx-10.9-x86_64-3.6
  gcc -Wno-unused-result -Wsign-compare -Wunreachable-code -fno-common -dynamic -DNDEBUG -g -fwrapv -O3 -Wall -arch x86_64 -g -Dversion_info=(1,3,13,'final',0) -D__version__=1.3.13 -I/usr/local/Cellar/mysql/8.0.12/include/mysql -I/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/3.6/include/python3.6m -c _mysql.c -o build/temp.macosx-10.9-x86_64-3.6/_mysql.o
  gcc -bundle -undefined dynamic_lookup -arch x86_64 -g build/temp.macosx-10.9-x86_64-3.6/_mysql.o -L/usr/local/Cellar/mysql/8.0.12/lib -lmysqlclient -lssl -lcrypto -o build/lib.macosx-10.9-x86_64-3.6/_mysql.cpython-36m-darwin.so
  ld: library not found for -lssl
  clang: error: linker command failed with exit code 1 (use -v to see invocation)
  error: command 'gcc' failed with exit status 1

  ----------------------------------------
  Failed building wheel for mysqlclient
  Running setup.py clean for mysqlclient
Failed to build mysqlclient
Installing collected packages: mysqlclient
  Running setup.py install for mysqlclient ... error
    Complete output from command /Users/lixiang/projects/py3/bin/python3 -u -c "import setuptools, tokenize;__file__='/private/var/folders/62/hgjxw8x902346sf1zkbv0tyc0000gn/T/pip-install-cg1t5xfv/mysqlclient/setup.py';f=getattr(tokenize, 'open', open)(__file__);code=f.read().replace('\r\n', '\n');f.close();exec(compile(code, __file__, 'exec'))" install --record /private/var/folders/62/hgjxw8x902346sf1zkbv0tyc0000gn/T/pip-record-z495c9l8/install-record.txt --single-version-externally-managed --compile --install-headers /Users/lixiang/projects/py3/bin/../include/site/python3.6/mysqlclient:
    running install
    running build
    running build_py
    creating build
    creating build/lib.macosx-10.9-x86_64-3.6
    copying _mysql_exceptions.py -> build/lib.macosx-10.9-x86_64-3.6
    creating build/lib.macosx-10.9-x86_64-3.6/MySQLdb
    copying MySQLdb/__init__.py -> build/lib.macosx-10.9-x86_64-3.6/MySQLdb
    copying MySQLdb/compat.py -> build/lib.macosx-10.9-x86_64-3.6/MySQLdb
    copying MySQLdb/connections.py -> build/lib.macosx-10.9-x86_64-3.6/MySQLdb
    copying MySQLdb/converters.py -> build/lib.macosx-10.9-x86_64-3.6/MySQLdb
    copying MySQLdb/cursors.py -> build/lib.macosx-10.9-x86_64-3.6/MySQLdb
    copying MySQLdb/release.py -> build/lib.macosx-10.9-x86_64-3.6/MySQLdb
    copying MySQLdb/times.py -> build/lib.macosx-10.9-x86_64-3.6/MySQLdb
    creating build/lib.macosx-10.9-x86_64-3.6/MySQLdb/constants
    copying MySQLdb/constants/__init__.py -> build/lib.macosx-10.9-x86_64-3.6/MySQLdb/constants
    copying MySQLdb/constants/CLIENT.py -> build/lib.macosx-10.9-x86_64-3.6/MySQLdb/constants
    copying MySQLdb/constants/CR.py -> build/lib.macosx-10.9-x86_64-3.6/MySQLdb/constants
    copying MySQLdb/constants/ER.py -> build/lib.macosx-10.9-x86_64-3.6/MySQLdb/constants
    copying MySQLdb/constants/FIELD_TYPE.py -> build/lib.macosx-10.9-x86_64-3.6/MySQLdb/constants
    copying MySQLdb/constants/FLAG.py -> build/lib.macosx-10.9-x86_64-3.6/MySQLdb/constants
    copying MySQLdb/constants/REFRESH.py -> build/lib.macosx-10.9-x86_64-3.6/MySQLdb/constants
    running build_ext
    building '_mysql' extension
    creating build/temp.macosx-10.9-x86_64-3.6
    gcc -Wno-unused-result -Wsign-compare -Wunreachable-code -fno-common -dynamic -DNDEBUG -g -fwrapv -O3 -Wall -arch x86_64 -g -Dversion_info=(1,3,13,'final',0) -D__version__=1.3.13 -I/usr/local/Cellar/mysql/8.0.12/include/mysql -I/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/3.6/include/python3.6m -c _mysql.c -o build/temp.macosx-10.9-x86_64-3.6/_mysql.o
    gcc -bundle -undefined dynamic_lookup -arch x86_64 -g build/temp.macosx-10.9-x86_64-3.6/_mysql.o -L/usr/local/Cellar/mysql/8.0.12/lib -lmysqlclient -lssl -lcrypto -o build/lib.macosx-10.9-x86_64-3.6/_mysql.cpython-36m-darwin.so
    ld: library not found for -lssl    # 主要信息在这里
    clang: error: linker command failed with exit code 1 (use -v to see invocation)
    error: command 'gcc' failed with exit status 1

    ----------------------------------------
Command "/Users/lixiang/projects/py3/bin/python3 -u -c "import setuptools, tokenize;__file__='/private/var/folders/62/hgjxw8x902346sf1zkbv0tyc0000gn/T/pip-install-cg1t5xfv/mysqlclient/setup.py';f=getattr(tokenize, 'open', open)(__file__);code=f.read().replace('\r\n', '\n');f.close();exec(compile(code, __file__, 'exec'))" install --record /private/var/folders/62/hgjxw8x902346sf1zkbv0tyc0000gn/T/pip-record-z495c9l8/install-record.txt --single-version-externally-managed --compile --install-headers /Users/lixiang/projects/py3/bin/../include/site/python3.6/mysqlclient" failed with error code 1 in /private/var/folders/62/hgjxw8x902346sf1zkbv0tyc0000gn/T/pip-install-cg1t5xfv/mysqlclient/

主要的报错信息是这个:

    ld: library not found for -lssl    # 主要信息在这里 

gcc找不到这个库

我们使用以下便可解决

brew install openssl
export LIBRARY_PATH=$LIBRARY_PATH:/usr/local/opt/openssl/lib/ 

来源:

`ld: library not found for -lssl` after Mac OS Sierra upgrade · Issue #795 · brianmario/mysql2github.com

发布于 2018-11-25